Wheelchair seating and mobility is a technical and specialized area of rehabilitation medicine. The unique characteristics of the individual and the current technology must be taken into account in order to choose the best type of mobility assistive equipment (MAE), several examples of which are shown below. Successful delivery of a wheelchair and seating system begins with making the determination that the patient has a mobility impairment that requires the use of an MAE. Rehabilitation principles apply in the decision-making process.
The needs of the patient, as well as those of the caregiver, are paramount.[1, 2, 3]Goals of the seating system include postural support, stability, and pressure distribution. Goals of the mobility system include providing optimal mobility and function. Wheelchair athletes require special attention in terms of wheelchair acceleration. See the image below.
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